The medical profession is undoubtedly noble and rewarding. However, specializing in any medical field takes many years of study and dedication. It takes four years in medical school to qualify as a doctor, another year as a hospital intern, and a 3–7-year residency to be eligible as a medical specialist, depending on the specialty.
Although training requirements vary by specialty, all offer competitive salaries. If you consider becoming a doctor, here are 25 medical doctor specialties in the medical fields that may interest you. It includes each job description and the average salaries you can expect.
Primary duties: Anesthesiologists specialize in administering anesthesia during surgical procedures in the operating theatre. They work with surgeons and other medical personnel to ensure that patients receive the correct type and amount of anesthesia. They also monitor patients during surgery.
Average annual salary: $ 319,000
Primary duties: An audiologist diagnoses and treats hearing disorders such as hearing loss, balance disorders, or tinnitus (ringing in the ears). They use a variety of tests to measure hearing acuity and determine the type and severity of hearing loss. Treatment may include hearing aids, cochlear implants, or other assistive devices.
Average annual salary: $ 83,000
Primary duties: Cardiologists diagnose and treat conditions of the heart and blood vessels. They will help people with heart diseases, arrhythmias, heart attacks, and heart defects. Surgeons are specialists who most often work in conjunction with a cardiologist, by the way.
Average annual salary: $334,000
Primary duties: Dentists diagnose and treat conditions of the teeth and gums. This includes cavities, gum disease, and tooth loss. Providing preventative care and oral hygiene is the most common type of service.
Average annual salary: $194,000
Primary duties: Dermatologists diagnose and treat skin conditions, including all manner of skin diseases and problems such as skin cancer, acne, psoriasis, and eczema. Dermatologists prescribe medication and treatment, referring patients for surgery where necessary.
Average annual salary: $224,000
Primary duties: Endocrinologists diagnose and treat conditions of the endocrine system. This includes diabetes, thyroid disorders, and hormone imbalances.
Average annual salary: $235,000
Primary duties: Epidemiologists study and investigate the patterns of infectious diseases that threaten public health. They also monitor bioterrorism threats and other health threats to the general population.
Average annual salary: $86,000
Primary duties: Gastroenterologists diagnose and treat gastrointestinal and hepatological diseases (stomach and intestines, liver, gallbladder, and pancreatic diseases). It can include stomach ulcers, Crohn’s disease, and irritable bowel syndrome. These specialists also provide preventative care and advice on diet and lifestyle changes to help reduce the risks of gastrointestinal disorders.
Average annual salary: $264,000
Primary duties: General practitioners (GPs) are the first line of defense in treating patients with illnesses. They treat a broad spectrum of medical conditions, including the physical and psychological aspects of healthcare. GPs refer patients to hospitals and other specialist physicians for treatment in more urgent cases.
Average annual salary: $167,000
Primary duties: Geriatric physicians specialize in the care of older adults that usually fall into the 70-80-year-old age group. They are in high demand due to the ever-increasing aging population. They specialize in prescribing geriatric medication and treating the elderly with functional disabilities or cognitive impairment.
Average annual salary: $203,000
Primary duties: Neonatologists treat newborn babies with conditions such as breathing disorders, infections, and congenital disabilities. They also care for newborns born prematurely, critically ill, or in need of surgery.
Average annual salary: $278,000
Primary duties: Nephrologists specialize in caring for patients with kidney dysfunction or diseases. They treat and manage renal conditions, evaluate the kidneys to determine treatment, and refer patients to surgeons when necessary.
Average annual salary: $248,000
Primary duties: Neurologists diagnose and treat patients with neurological disorders and brain diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease. They also treat disorders that affect the spinal cord and conduct medical tests and brain scans for neurological evaluation.
Average annual salary: $239,000
Primary duties: Obstetrics and gynecology physicians specialize in caring for women’s reproductive health. They also care for women during pregnancy and perform ultrasounds and fetal heart rate monitoring. Obstetricians also deliver babies and perform surgical cesarean section deliveries.
Average annual salary: $197,000
Primary duties: Oncologists specialize in diagnosing and treating patients with cancer. Patients consult with their oncologists regarding their cancer diagnoses, the type of cancer, and the treatment options available. There are three major areas in oncology based on treatments: medical oncology, radiation oncology, and surgical oncology.
Average annual salary: $196,000
Primary duties: Orthopedists specialize in diagnosing and treating patients with musculoskeletal disorders. They treat injuries or diseases of the bones, joints, and ligaments.
Average annual salary: $229,000
Primary duties: Otolaryngologists/ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialists diagnose and treat patients with ear, nose, and throat disorders. They perform examinations, prescribe medicine, and perform operations.
Average annual salary: $146,000
Primary duties: Pediatricians diagnose and treat infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. They provide general medical care and monitor growth and development. They also treat diseases, injuries, and chronic conditions in children.
Average annual salary: $179,000
Primary duties: Plastic surgeons specialize in treating patients who require cosmetic surgery to improve or alter their physical appearance. They also reconstruct parts of the human body to repair birth defects and scarring caused by serious physical injuries.
Average annual salary: $242,000
Primary duties: Commonly known as “foot” doctors, podiatrists provide medical treatment and perform surgery on patients with foot and ankle problems. They also treat injuries or diseases of the lower extremities of the legs.
Average annual salary: $114,000
Primary duties: Psychiatrists treat patients with mental or emotional disorders. They conduct psychotherapy and prescribe medication and other forms of treatment. Psychiatrists provide ongoing patient care and evaluation.
Average annual salary: $224,000
Primary duties: Radiologists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of injuries and diseases in patients using medical imaging technologies such as x-rays, CT scans (computed tomography), MRI scans (magnetic resonance imaging), and ultrasound.
Average annual salary: $251,000
Primary duties: Rheumatologists treat rheumatic conditions such as arthritis, osteoporosis, etc. They assess joint-related needs, evaluate lab results, and prescribe medication and treatment plans.
Average annual salary: $182,000
Primary duties: Surgeons specialize in diagnosing and treating patients needing surgical procedures. They are responsible for the preoperative diagnosis of the patient, performing the necessary surgery, and providing the patient with postoperative care.
Average annual salary: $216,000
Primary duties: Urologists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with urological disorders and the male reproductive system. They treat conditions relating to the bladder, urethra, kidneys, and adrenal glands.
Average annual salary: $221,000